ITTA2 (1994) was developed to ensure that tropical timber exports come from sustainably managed sources by the year 2000 and to create a fund to help tropical timber producers obtain the resources needed to achieve this goal. The mandate of the International Tropical Timber Organization has also been defined. The agreement was opened for signature on 26 January 1994 and came into force on 1 January 1997. Awareness of climate change and its effects is important. We humans need to understand that it is our responsibility to protect the environment in which we live. Residents, politicians and businessmen must contribute to the protection of tropical forests. Only awareness of the negative effects of deforestation and climate change can lead to positive changes in people`s thinking. International agreements – Tropical hardwoods such as mahogany are in high demand in rich countries to make furniture. This high demand leads to an increase in illegal deforestation. To overcome these international agreements, there is a restriction of wood that does not come from a sustainable source imported into the countries.
FSC is an example. The Forest Stewardship Council buys sustainable wood and identifies these products with their logo so that traders know that the wood is being purchased sustainably. A better solution than protectionism is to include rules in trade agreements that protect against inconvenience. Free trade agreements should stimulate trade between two or more countries. Strengthening international trade has the following six main advantages: there are also international agreements on the use of tropical hardwoods and logging. The International Tropical Forest Agreement was established in 2006 to “promote the expansion and diversification of international trade in tropical forests from sustainably managed and legally harvested forests and to promote the sustainable management of tropical forests that produce wood.” 71 countries have signed the agreement promoted by the United Nations. The main criticism of free trade agreements is that they are responsible for outsourcing employment. Fortunately, there are things we can do to sustainably manage tropical rainforests and minimize the amount of destruction that occurs there: international agreements – tropical hardwoods like mahogany are in high demand in rich countries to make furniture.